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Table 2 Recent studies (during 2018–19) on plant-mediated synthesis of CuO-NPs, their morphology and various applications

From: Current status of plant metabolite-based fabrication of copper/copper oxide nanoparticles and their applications: a review

Plant Part of plant used Active compounds Shape and size Various applications Key references
Aloe vera Leaf Octahedral; 24-61 nm Photocatalytic activity [126]
Ferulago angulate Aerial part Shell like sheet structure; 44 nm Photocatalytic activity [127]
Galeopsidis herba Plant extract Flavonoids and phenolic acids Spherical; 10 nm Antioxidant and catalytic activity [128]
Ixoro coccinea Leaf Carboxylic acids, alkenes, esters, alcohols and aromatic compounds Spherical; SEM: 300 nm; TEM: 80–110 nm [63]
Malus domestica Leaf Carbonyl, methyl, saturated aliphatic and alkane/alkyl groups Spherical and crystalline; 18–20 nm DNA cleavage, antibacterial and antioxidant activities [129]
Psidium guajava Leaf Spherical; 2–6 nm Photocatalytic activity [65]
Stachys lavandulifolia Leaf Less than 80 nm Antifungal activity [130]
Terminalia belerica Fruits Spherical; 9–14 nm Antibacterial activity [131]
Ruellia tuberosa Leaf Carboxylic acids, alkenes, esters, alcohols and aromatic compounds Nanorods; 83.23 nm Antibacterial and photocatalytic activities [64]