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Table 1 Recent studies (during 2018–19) on plant-mediated synthesis of Cu-NPs, their morphology, and various applications

From: Current status of plant metabolite-based fabrication of copper/copper oxide nanoparticles and their applications: a review

Plant Part of plant used Active compounds Shape and size Various applications Key references
Azadirachta indica Leaf Flavonoids, terpenoids and polyphenols Crystalline, cubical; ~ 48 nm [32]
Cissus arnotiana Leaf Biomolecules Spherical; 60–90 nm Antibacterial and antioxidant activities [121]
Green and black tea Leaf Flavonoids and phenols Spherical; 26–40 nm Aflatoxins adsorbent; antibacterial and antifungal activities [122]
Eichhornia crassipes Flower Lawsone and phenols Spherical; 12–15 nm Detection of hazardous hydrogen peroxide [123]
Falcaria vulgaris Leaf Spherical; 20 nm Cutaneous wound healing potentials without any cytotoxicity; antioxidant, antifungal and antibacterial activites [124]
Millettia pinnata, Flower Proteins, acids, favonoids, polyphenols, carboxylic acid and alkaloids Spherical; 23 ± 1.10 nm Antioxidant, antibacterial, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory agents [21]
Persea americana Seed Carboxylic acid acid alkanes Spherical; 42–90 nm Antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activities [125]
Quisqualis indica Floral parts Alcohols and phenols Spherical; 39.3 ± 5.45 nm Suppression of B16F10 melanoma cell proliferation and inhibition of tumor growth [95]
Ziziphus spina-christi Fruit Alcohols and phenols Cubic type; FESEM:8–15 nm, XRD:8–15 nm Nanoadsorbent and antibacterial activity [96]