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Table 1 Characteristics of exosomes, microvesicles, and apoptotic bodies

From: Overcome the barriers of the skin: exosome therapy

  Exosomes Microvesicles Apoptotic bodies Ref
Size 40–100 nm 150–1000 nm >  1000 nm [16,17,18]
Composition ProteinsLipids
RNAs
ProteinsLipids
RNAs
DNA fragments
Degraded proteins
Micronuclei
Cell organelles
[19, 20]
Origin Multivesicular bodies Plasma membrane Plasma membrane, cellular fragments [21]
Release Exocytosis of MVBs Budding from plasma membrane Cell shrinkage and death [21]