|Nanoparticle||Mechanical property||Physical property||Chemical property||Biological property|
1. highly stable|
3. flexible material
4. increased ductility and malleability
1. High surface area is due to its peculiar structure.|
2. Excellent electronic properties
3. Excellent optical properties.
|1. Presence of a 2D structure comprising of single, thick carbon sheets arranged in a honeycomb pattern.||
1. Good antimicrobial properties especially against S.mutans|
2. Enhanced tissue dissolving properties.
3. Low toxicity level
1. Higher tensile strength as they have a hexagonal arrangement|
2. Malleability is comparable to that of rubber
3. High ductility (8–12%)
4. Superior mechanical strength.
1. Large Surface area|
2. Extremely light weight
3. Highly heat stable
4. Low density.
1. Good conduction efficiency|
2. Superior bonding between these atoms making these NPs quite stable
3. Carbon atoms are arranged in the form of hexagonal rings
1. Enhanced antimicrobial properties|
2. Ability to penetrate the bacterial cell membrane.
3. Induces inflammatory and fibrotic reactions under extreme conditions.
40 Potentially toxic in nature.
1. Good conductors of electricity|
2. Possessing good malleability and ductility.
|1. Due to its small size and high surface it confers excellent electrical, optical, thermal properties||1. Enhanced surface chemistry thereby making it an effective antibacterial agent||
1. Effctive antimicrobial agent especially against E.faecalis.|
2. Increased permeability in the bacterial cell membrane.
3. Highly biocompatible
4. Low toxicity levels.
1. Inactive and|
non-soluble in water alkali and organic solvents
2. pH more than 6
1. Soluble in various other mediums|
2. Highly viscous, with a polyelectrolyte property.
1. It is a linear polyamine.|
2. The presence of highly reactive hydroxyl and amino groups results in chelation of various transitional metal ions .
1. Excellent antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties.|
2. Causes disruption of the bacterial cell membrane due to its electrostatic interaction.