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Table 2 Overview of non-electrospinning methods, typical fiber diameters and applications

From: A new prototype melt-electrospinning device for the production of biobased thermoplastic sub-microfibers and nanofibers

Publication Production method Polymer Fiber diameter [nm] Application
Xing 2008 [58] Drawing Poly(trimethylene terephthalate) 60 Optical fibers
Ma 2016 [46] Drawing Polyethylene 40  
Nakata 2007 [61] Island in the sea Polyamide 6/poly(ethylene terephthalate) 39  
Uppal 2012 [63] Melt-blown   290 Filtration
Luo [97] Template synthesis Silver/cross-linked poly(vinyl alcohol) Sub-micro Various
Wang 2010 [98] Template synthesis Carbon 20 Various
Rolandi 2014 [99] Self-assembly Chitin various Various
Xu 2017 [100] Self-assembly Polypeptide   Drug delivery
Hammami 2014 [74] Centrifugal Polyamide 6 200–800 Various