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Table 1 Serological findings of aged rats treated with CaG or IQG for 1 month

From: Anti-aging effect and gene expression profiling of dung beetle glycosaminoglycan in aged rats

Organ function Parameter Unit CON CaG5 IQG5 CS10
Fatty liver Phospholipid mg/dL 271.78 ± 91.74 233.67 ± 71 173.2 ± 32.02* 259.7 ± 57.27*
Hyaluronic acid(HA) ng/mL 36.44 ± 12.66 30.44 ± 8.19 35 ± 2.96 42.89 ± 22.06
Free fatty acid μEq/L 686.78 ± 104.67 431.33 ± 66.22* 405.6 ± 63.39* 566.9 ± 115.38*
Tonic Albumin(S) g/dL 4.33 ± 0.4 3.59 ± 0.34* 3.52 ± 0.29* 3.83 ± 0.36*
Hepatitis ALP U/L 85.44 ± 27.06 82.89 ± 19.9 158.9 ± 39.78 99.89 ± 22.24
AST(SGOT) U/L 76.67 ± 34.68 52.22 ± 10.3 60.89 ± 5.69 56.33 ± 12.19
ALT(SGPT) U/L 76.33 ± 40.21 36.78 ± 8.0* 43.22 ± 13.86* 53.44 ± 11.36*
LDH U/L 500.22 ± 403.35 247.22 ± 170 216 ± 60.61 345.9 ± 202.14
Heart Function CK U/L 125.78 ± 91.66 102.89 ± 65.73* 91.22 ± 24.74 131.2 ± 62.56
Diabetes Glucose(S) mg/dL 435.11 ± 105.42 304 ± 44.44* 275.9 ± 43.18* 317.8 ± 60.31*
Lipidemia Cholesterol,total mg/dL 212.67 ± 92.82 181.44 ± 68.4 124.1 ± 23.6* 198.9 ± 44.43
Triglyceride mg/dL 207.89 ± 101.95 136.22 ± 61.6 103.3 ± 35.59* 183.4 ± 104.74
LDL Cholesterol mg/dL 74.67 ± 44.91 69 ± 31.3 41.44 ± 10.14* 65.22 ± 18.52
HDL Cholesterol mg/dL 110.56 ± 10.22 92.22 ± 24.5 78.22 ± 9.40* 114.2 ± 7.85
Creatinine mg/dL 0.6 ± 0.09 0.53 ± 0.06 0.55 ± 0.06 0.56 ± 0.05
Nepritis BUN mg/dL 19.09 ± 2.45 16.71 ± 3.07 19.36 ± 2.91 20.92 ± 3.27
Uric acid mg/dL 10.9 ± 2.26 8.12 ± 1.48* 6.49 ± 0.89* 8.14 ± 2.17*
Edema Protein,total mmol/L 7.46 ± 0.32 6.91 ± 0.24* 7.23 ± 0.25 7.23 ± 0.35
Rheumatis CRP(HS) mg/L 0.51 ± 0.48 0.32 ± 0.13 0.42 ± 0.24 0.31 ± 0.19
  1. Each value represents mean ± S.D. Asterisk marks (*) mean significant differences compared with the control (PBS) group (p < 0.05)
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