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Table 1 ASTM standard terminology for additive manufacturing technologies

From: 3-dimensional bioprinting for tissue engineering applications

Additive Manufacturing (ASM F2792)

Vat photopolymerization

• Stereolithography (SLA)

• Digital light processing (DLP)

Material jetting

• Multi-jet modeling (MJM)

Material extrusion

• Fused deposition modeling (FDM)

Powder bed fusion

• Electron beam melting (EBM)

• Selective laser sintering (SLS)

• Selective heat sintering (SHS)

• Direct metal laser sintering (DMLS)

Binder jetting

• Powder bed and inkjet 3D printing (PBIH)

• Plaster-based 3D printing (DMLS)

Sheet lamination

• Laminated object manufacturing (LOM)

• Ultrasonic consolidation (UC)

Directed energy deposition

• Laser metal deposition (LMD)