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Table 1 Materials used in this study

From: Performance of universal adhesives on bonding to leucite-reinforced ceramic

Materials (Lot no.) Composition Manufacturer
IPS Empress CAD (R04751) Silicon dioxide, aluminum oxide, potassium oxide, sodium oxide, other oxides, pigments (Leucite-reinforced glass-ceramic) Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein
Porcelain etchant (9.5%) (120006991) Hydrofluoric acid, polysulfonic acid Bisco, Schaumburg, IL, USA
Single Bond Universal (539321) MDP, Bis-GMA, HEMA, decamethylene DMA, ethanol, water, silane treated silica, 2-propenoic acid, −methyl-, reaction products with 1,10-decanediol and phosphorous oxide, copolymer of acrylic and itaconic acid, dimethylaminobenzoate(−4), camphorquinone, (dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate, methyl ethyl ketone 3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA
ALL-BOND Universal (1400002645) MDP, Bis-GMA, HEMA, ethanol, water, initiators Bisco, Schaumburg, IL, USA
RelyX Ceramic primer (N526043) Ethyl alcohol, water, methacryloxypropyl-trimethoxysilane 3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA
Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose Adhesive (N530683) Bis-GMA, HEMA, triphenylantimony 3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA
RelyX Ultimate (545247) Base: Silane treated glass powder, 2-propenoic acid, 2-methyl-,1,1-[1-(hydroxymethyl)-1,2-ethanediyl] ester, reaction products with 2-hydroxy-1,3-propanediyl DMA and phosphorus oxide, TEGDMA, silane treated silica, oxide glass chemicals, sodium persulfate, tert-butyl peroxy-3,5,5-trimethylhexanoate, copper (II) acetate monohydrate Catalyst: Silane treated glass powder, substituted DMA, 1,12-dodecane DMA, silane treated silica, 1-benzyl-5-phenyl-barbic-acid, calcium salt, sodium p-toluenesulfinate, 2-propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, [(3-metoxypropyl) imino]di-2,1-ethanediyl ester, calcium hydroxide, titanium dioxide 3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA
  1. Abbreviations: Bis-GMA, bisphenol-A diglycidyl ether dimethacrylate; DMA, dimethacrylate; HEMA, hydroxyethyl methacrylate; MDP, 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate; TEGDMA, triethylene glycol dimethacrylate.